Rendering of human on geometric element technology background represent artificial intelligence Getty Images

防止人工智能的世界末日

发自纽约——近期人工智能领域的各项进展堪称一日千里。人工智能正在改变着从运输到医药再到国防的几乎所有社会领域。因此也需要考虑一下当它变得比当前更为先进时会出现什么样的状况。

对此有种世界末日论,说人工智能驱动的机器将智胜人类,接管整个世界并杀死所有人。这种描写经常在科幻小说中出现,但也经常被否定,因为人类仍然牢牢掌控着局面。但许多人工智能专家则非常严肃地看待这一末日前景,这种态度是完全有必要的,而社会的其他成员也应如此。

为了解风险究竟在哪里,就要去理解“弱人工智能”(narrow AI)和“通用人工智能”( Artificial General Intelligence)之间的区别。弱人工智能一次只能在一个或几个领域进行运作,因此虽然它可能在某些特定任务中胜过人类,但仍然处于人类控制之下。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To read this article from our archive, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles from our archive every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/2KfM2Gw/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.