Tapar los agujeros

MUNICH – Con dolor y aprensión, el Congreso de los Estados Unidos rescató a Wall Street para evitar un colapso del sistema financiero de los Estados Unidos, pero los 700.000 millones de dólares que se utilizarán pueden caer en un cubo agujereado y también lo miles de millones proporcionados por los gobiernos de todo el mundo.

Las entidades financieras de los EE.UU. que quebraron –o que habrían quebrado sin la ayuda del Estado– en 2008 tenían dificultades porque carecían de recursos propios: no porque nunca los hubieran tenido, sino porque pagaron demasiado de sus abundantes ganancias en los años anteriores a los accionistas, con lo que apalancaron excesivamente sus operaciones con el pasivo. Si no se adoptan medidas para aumentar los requisitos mínimos en materia de fondos propios para los bancos y otras entidades financieras, podrían volver a darse crisis financieras como la actual.

Es sabido que las entidades financieras anglosajonas tienen una elevada cobertura de dividendos. Desde una perspectiva europea, la sed de dividendos y la insistencia en metas de resultados a corto plazo que caracterizan a dichas entidades resultan a un tiempo asombrosas y aterradoras. Sabido es que los bancos de inversión, en particular, tienen un planteamiento minimalista en materia de fondos propios. Mientras que los bancos normales necesitan un coeficiente fondos propios-activos de al menos el 7 por ciento, lo habitual en los bancos de inversión es que funcionen con un coeficiente de tan sólo el 4 por ciento.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/UXf8zYd/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now