Den Weg zum Wachstum ebnen

In Lateinamerikas ländlichen Gemeinden lebt die extrem arme Bevölkerung im Durchschnitt über fünf Kilometer von der nächsten gepflasterten Straße entfernt (fast doppelt so weit wie nicht verarmte ländliche Haushalte), was dazu führt, dass der Zugang zu Märkten und benötigten Dienstleistungen schwierig und sehr teuer ist. Darüber hinaus wird Lateinamerikas internationale Konkurrenzfähigkeit durch mangelhafte Transportmöglichkeiten geschwächt. Über die Hälfte der lateinamerikanischen Firmen halten die schwache Infrastruktur für ein Haupthindernis für ihre Tätigkeit und das Wachstum ihres Unternehmens.

Es gibt eine offensichtliche Alternative: höhere (und klügere) Ausgaben für die Infrastruktur. Durchschnittlich geben die Länder in Lateinamerika und der Karibik unter 2 % ihres BIP für die Infrastruktur aus, während 3 % bis 6 % notwendig sind, um schnelles Wachstum aufrechtzuerhalten und mit Ländern wie China oder Korea Schritt zu halten.

Um die Ausgaben erhöhen zu können, müssen die Nutzer angesichts der knappen öffentlichen Kassen und der steuerlichen Einschränkungen einen größeren Anteil der Kosten übernehmen. Dazu muss eine Kultur des Bezahlens geschaffen werden und ein Sicherheitsnetz für jene Bürger bereitgestellt werden, die sich die Zahlungen nicht leisten können.

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