La caída de la casa de Samuelson

LONDRES – Leer The Samuelson Sampler a la sombra de la Gran Recesión permite atisbar la mentalidad de una era pasada. El ejemplar refiere a las columnas semanales del difunto Paul Samuelson para la revista Newsweek de 1966 a 1973.

Samuelson, un premio Nobel, fue el decano de los economistas norteamericanos: su famoso libro de texto, Economics, tuvo 14 ediciones mientras su autor estaba en vida e introdujo a los futuros economistas del mundo a los rudimentos de su oficio. Si bien no fue el único inventor, sí fue el gran divulgador de la "síntesis neoclásica" -la combinación de la economía neoclásica y keynesiana que definió la corriente principal del campo durante 50 años.

Samuelson era un keynesiano convencido, aunque en un sentido limitado. El descartaba la mayor parte de los ataques de Keynes a la economía ortodoxa de sus tiempos por considerarlos innecesarios. Samuelson escribió "si Keynes hubiera comenzado por la simple declaración de que le parecía realista suponer que los salarios monetarios eran difíciles y resistentes a los movimientos descendentes… la mayoría de sus percepciones habrían seguido siendo igual de válidas". Para Samuelson, el aporte real de Keynes fueron las herramientas que les dio a los gobiernos para prevenir las depresiones.

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