萨缪尔逊殿堂的倒塌

伦敦—在大萧条的阴影下阅读《萨缪尔逊采样器》(The Samuelson Sampler)是为了一撇过去的时代的思维。样本是已故的保罗·萨缪尔逊(Paul Samuelson)1966—1973年间为《新闻周刊》(Newsweek)杂志撰写的每周专栏。

萨缪尔逊是诺贝尔奖获得者、美国经济学家的翘楚:他的著名教科书《经济学》(Economics)在他生前出版了14版,将全世界无数晚辈经济学家引入经济学殿堂。就算不是“新古典综合派”的唯一创始人,他也是这一学派的发扬光大者。新古典综合派结合了新古典和凯恩斯主义经济学,占据经济学主流50年之久。

萨缪尔逊被认为是凯恩斯主义者,不过有所保留。他反对大部分当时凯恩斯对正统经济学的攻击,认为这毫无必要。他写道,“如果凯恩斯[一开始]做出一个简单陈述,指出他发现假设货币工资……是刚性的,难以向下调整这一假设是符合现实的,那么他的大部分洞见将仍然是站得住脚的。”对萨缪尔逊来说,凯恩斯的真正贡献是他给予政府的防止萧条的工具。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To access our archive, please log in or register now and read two articles from our archive every month for free. For unlimited access to our archive, as well as to the unrivaled analysis of PS On Point, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/MmP0smY/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.