俄罗斯的克里米亚海岸?

莫斯科—在1979年的小说中《克里米亚岛》(The Island of Crimea)中,瓦西里·阿克肖诺夫(Vasily Aksyonov)设想该地区因独立于苏联而繁荣。阿克肖诺夫是持异见作家,在这部小说(地下)出版后移民美国,现在是一名预言家。但他的预言和事实并不相符:今天的克里米亚不想脱离乌克兰独立;它想继续依赖俄罗斯。

克里米亚曾经是帝国皇冠上的明珠,沙皇和苏联政委们的奢华享受地,更重要的是,它也是俄罗斯海军黑海舰队大本营。1954年,在尼基塔·赫鲁晓夫治下,克里米亚成为乌克兰的一部分。1991年苏联解体后,俄罗斯总统叶利钦显然忘了把它要回,于是乌克兰拥有了这块拥有两百万居民、其中近60%认为自己是俄罗斯人的领土。

站在为赫鲁晓夫(我的曾祖父)辩护的立场,克里米亚属于俄罗斯还是乌克兰是无关紧要的。毕竟它们都是苏维埃帝国的一部分。但在过去20年中,俄罗斯一直在试图取回这个半岛。据传克里姆林宫加快了克里米亚居民的护照申请程序,并且其盟友——比如塞瓦斯托波尔市(Sevastopol)新市长阿列克谢·查尔伊(Aleksei Chalyi)——开始在那里设立政治办事处。

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