山岳与尖塔

纽约——

瑞士共有四座带尖塔的清真寺,该国名义上的穆斯林人数为三十五万,这些人大部分是来自波斯尼亚和科索沃的欧洲人,其中只有13%的信徒定期参加祈祷活动。一个人或许会觉得,这一状况算不上大问题;然而在一次公投中,却有57.5%的瑞士投票者支持在宪法中对尖塔加以禁止,这一做法据称源自其对“原教旨主义”以及瑞士“被逐步伊斯兰化”的担忧。

是不是瑞士人比其他欧洲人更为偏执呢?恐怕并非如此。公投所衡量的是大众的本能反应,而非深思熟虑后的观点;而大众本能反应基本上与自由宽容无缘。若在其他欧洲国家就此问题进行公投的话,大概也会得出相似度惊人的结果吧。

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