Москва и Ближний Восток

Влияние роста позиций Ирана на Ближнем Востоке укрепляется не только благодаря возможностям, которые появились благодаря срыву планов американской власти в Ираке, но и благодаря поддержке, которую он получает от Китая и, что еще более важно, от России. Сегодня, когда президент Путин находится с визитом на Ближнем востоке, чтобы продемонстрировать дипломатическую силу России, наступил хороший момент, чтобы оценить влияние его страны на регион.

Имея в своем распоряжении право вето в Совете Безопасности ООН, Россия, в течение прошлых двух лет, большую часть времени сводила на нет предлагаемые санкции, которые могли быть наложены на Иран за отказ следовать своим обязательствам перед Международным агентством по атомной энергии. В результате, санкции, примененные Советом Безопасности ООН, были настолько нерешительными, что они вряд ли окажутся эффективными.

Россия рассматривает свои отношения с Ираном, как средство усилить свое дипломатическое влияние на Ближнем Востоке, где США успешно стремились к уменьшению сферы влияния Кремля со времен окончания «холодной войны». Другая эгоистичная цель России заключалась в том, чтобы освободить от санкций проект ядерного реактора в Бушире, строительством которого она занимается для Ирана, а так же предотвратить финансовое давление со стороны ООН на Иран, которое могло бы поставить под сомнение прибыль России, которую та надеялась получить от обеспечения реактора ядерным топливом, поставки которого должны начаться в конце этого года.

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