La mauvaise gestion de la défense antimissile

La question de la défense anti-missile a soudainement divisé l’opinion en Europe. Au lieu de consolider la sécurité européenne, le plan du gouvernement Bush repose sur un système de défense anti-missile en Pologne et en République tchèque risquant d’exacerber les tensions avec la Russie et de creuser le fossé avec les alliés européens des Etats-Unis, en particulier avec les plus fervents, ceux d’Europe de l’Est.

L’opposition grandissante au déploiement de la défense anti-missile américaine est due à la façon dont les Etats-Unis ont géré – ou plutôt mal géré – la présentation de leur programme de déploiement.

Premièrement, les responsables américains n’ont pas préparé les terrains politiques et psychologiques. Ils sont partis du principe que les dirigeants tchèques et polonais – jusqu’alors fortement proaméricains – seraient d’accord avec le déploiement, et que l’opinion public dans les deux pays suivrait la décision des gouvernements, quelle qu’elle soit.

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