新欧洲的新模式

华沙—五年前,中东欧是世界最令人瞩目的增长繁荣之地。年GDP增长率接近5%,只有中国和印度能超过这里。外国直接投资(FDI)以每年400多亿美元的速度涌入保加利亚、克罗地亚、捷克、匈牙利、波兰、罗马尼亚、斯洛发卡和斯洛文尼亚。大欧洲所卖出的每六辆汽车中就有一辆从工厂来到这里。生产率和人均GDP增长迅猛,缩小了与西欧的差距。

但自全球金融危机及其后的衰退以来,该地区一直难以重获动力。经济增长率较危机前下降了三分之二多。外国直接投资在2008和2009年期间下降了75%,目前也只是略有恢复。

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