Un plan de sanciones en cuotas

VARSOVIA – Los líderes occidentales siguen indecisos respecto de sus próximas medidas para procurar detener la agresión rusa a Ucrania. Pero hay algo que está suficientemente claro: los tímidos ensayos hechos hasta el momento (sanciones personales, un embargo a la exportación de armas y la suspensión temporal de la pertenencia de Rusia al G8) no han hecho retroceder al presidente ruso, Vladímir Putin.

Felizmente, existe una solución y es sencilla: que la Unión Europea disponga un embargo a sus importaciones de materias primas rusas, especialmente petróleo y gas. La pregunta es si sería viable.

Si hasta ahora no se hizo, es por buenos motivos. Europa depende del suministro ruso de energía, y los bancos y empresas europeos están sumamente expuestos a lo que suceda con Rusia. Pero con una estrategia cuidadosamente calibrada, se podría evitar que un embargo a las exportaciones rusas resulte perjudicial para la economía europea.

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