La crise de la Gauche

Aprиs une sйrie de dйfaites йlectorales dans le monde entier, la Gauche est en crise. Pour qu'elle puisse se rйtablir, certains gauchistes plaident pour un retour aux racines historiques de leur parti. D'autres soutiennent que les anciens mythes doivent кtre abandonnйs en faveur d'une avancйe audacieuse vers l'avant.

Ce dйbat se tient non seulement en France aprиs la dйfaite des Socialistes en avril dernier, mais il caractйrise йgalement la situation politique des Etats-Unis aprиs la dйfaite des Dйmocrates aux йlections lйgislatives de novembre dernier. Les deux partis sont confrontйs au mкme dilemme et c'est prйcisйment lа oщ je veux en venir : la crise qui frappe la Gauche est une crise profonde et fondamentale.

Dans le passй, la Gauche possйdait sa propre idйologie, sa propre thйorie йconomique. Le mйcanisme йconomique fondamental qui dйterminait le mode de fonctionnement du monde concernait la lutte pour les loyers entre les ouvriers et les capitalistes. Avec cette vision du monde « nous contre eux », il n'йtait pas difficile de rallier des йlecteurs, des individus privйs du droit de vote jusqu'aux classes moyennes salariйes, en nombre plus que suffisant pour garantir une majoritй йlectorale.

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