印度的中国梦

首尔—近几年来,中国和印度都成长为全球经济超级大国,其中中国更为领先。但是,随着中国增长减速以及结构调整需要日益尖锐,印度新总理莫迪的经济改革措施能让印度赶超中国吗?

自20世纪80年代以来,中国经历了前所未有的经济增长,其动力来自充足的低成本劳动力、高储蓄和投资率、重大市场改革、外向型政策以及审慎的宏观管理。中国领导人现在希望通过发展技术更先进的产业让中国迈入高收入国家行列。

印度经济表现没有中国那么引人注目。印度经济增长自20世纪90年代初开始大幅加速,动力来自贸易自由化和其他经济改革。接着,印度的改革出现了停滞,财政和经常项目赤字飙升,年GDP增长回落到4—5%。

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