Почему налога на роскошь недостаточно

КЕМБРИДЖ – Стоит ли развитым странам вводить налог на роскошь в качестве средства стабилизации и снижения госдолга в среднесрочном периоде? На удивление, эта идея была охотно поддержана обычно консервативным Международным валютным фондом. По подсчетам МВФ, единовременный сбор налога на роскошь в размере 10%, при условии его быстрого и неожиданного введения, может вернуть уровень госдолга/уровень ВВП к показателям докризисного периода. Идея эта очень заманчива.

На сегодняшний день моральная сторона вопроса еще более очевидна, чем когда-либо, поскольку безработица находится на уровне, характерном для рецессии, и серьезное экономическое неравенство является причиной социальной напряженности. И если бы такой налог был гарантированно временной мерой, то, в принципе, данное решение было бы более оптимальным, нежели введение более высокого подоходного налога. Если введение налога на роскошь для некоторых стран и может стать способом выбраться из долговой ямы, то, к сожалению, это не может быть панацеей.

Для развивающихся стран эффект данной меры является иллюзорным. Последствия введения налогов на собственность после первой и второй мировых воин уже некогда исследовал экономист Барри Айхенгрин, который обнаружил, что из-за оттока капитала и политических дрязг результат зачастую не оправдывал ожидания.

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