Dean Rohrer

判决推迟了,但指控并未取消

伦敦——

上周,前独裁者将军豪尔赫•魏地拉(Jorge Videla)被法庭宣判有罪,并被判处终身监禁。罪名包括在阿根廷上世纪70年代的“肮脏战争”中,他滥用酷刑和处决已经解除了武装的战俘。这些都是几十年以前犯下的罪孽。在阿根廷已经恢复民主这么多年后的这项判决究竟有什么意义呐?

起诉魏地拉和其他疑犯是美洲人权法院开创性地启动了一项司法诉讼案件。美洲人权法院已经将给予阿根廷和该地区其他国家前政治和军事领导人的大赦令束之高阁,这些大赦令是这些国家过渡到民主制度的部分安排。该法院认为,追究这些独裁者所犯的罪行是一项人权,从而驳回了许多拉美国家作为和平过渡到民主制度的一个条件而给予这些独裁者的豁免权。

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