Призраки европейского режима строгой экономии

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – «Если факты никак не укладываются в теорию - надо ее менять» гласит старая пословица. Но часто оказывается, что легче придерживаться теории и изменить факты. Во всяком случае, так считает канцлер Германии Ангела Меркель и другие европейские лидеры про-жесткой экономии. Хотя факты лежат у них прямо перед носом, они продолжают отрицать реальность.

Жесткая экономия не удалась. Но ее защитники готовы претендовать на победу на основе самого слабого из возможных доказательств: экономика уже не находится в рецессии, так значит жесткая экономия сработала! Но с такими претензиями можно также логично сказать, что спрыгнув с обрыва мы нашли лучший способ сползти вниз с горы; в конце концов, мы спустились.

Но каждый спад приходит к концу. Успех следует измерять не по тому, что восстановление в конечном итоге происходит, но по тому, как быстро оно охватывает ситуацию и насколько обширный ущерб настанет от спада.

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