Профили миротворчества

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Пятьдесят лет назад президент Джон Ф. Кеннеди сделал, казалось бы, невозможное. В разгар холодной войны он привел две ядерные сверхдержавы, Соединенные Штаты и Советский Союз, к миру. Уроки лидерства Кеннеди – одни из величайших в современной истории – крайне актуальны на сегодняшний день.

Я рассказываю эту замечательную историю в новой книге «Чтобы сдвинуть Мир» (To Move the World). Многим война между двумя сверхдержавами казалась неизбежной. Кубинский ракетный кризис октября 1962 года создал глобальную атмосферу страха и пессимизма, а также, разумеется, веру в то, что США и Советский Союз не смогут примириться.

Однако Кеннеди понимал ситуацию лучше. Он понимал, что в основном опасная напряженность возникала из жестких линий поведения каждой из сторон, которые действовали так, будто мир был невозможен. Действия одной из сторон вызывали жесткую реакцию другой стороны, еще больше закручивая спираль недоверия, укреплявшую сторонников крайних мер в обоих лагерях.

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