Paul Lachine

Японское политическое руководство новой модели

АМСТЕРДАМ. Посреди ужасающих новостей из Японии установление в ней новых стандартов политического руководства легко упустить, отчасти потому что японские средства информации следуют своей старой привычке автоматически критиковать то, как чиновники борются с последствиями стихийного бедствия, а многие иностранные репортеры, не понимающие этого, просто копируют данный критический тон. Но по сравнению с последствиями катастрофического землетрясения в г. Кобе в 1995 г., когда власти, казалось, сняли с себя всякую ответственность за лишения пострадавших, разница не может быть сильнее.

На этот раз правительство Демократической партии Японии (ДПЯ) во главе с премьер-министром Наото Каном прилагает максимальные усилия с беспрецедентно интенсивным участием кабинета министров и вновь созданных специальных оперативных групп. Сам премьер-министр и соответствующие чиновники регулярно появляются в теленовостях в спецодежде, обычной для японских инженеров.

В 1995 г. о жителях Кобе, извлеченных из-под обломков, заботились, если они были членами корпораций или религиозных групп. Остальные должны были, в основном, становиться на ноги самостоятельно. Это было проявлением «феодального» корпоративного подхода, при котором прямая связь между гражданином и государством не играет никакой роли. Данное широко осуждавшееся государственное пренебрежение по отношению к потерпевшим от землетрясения в Кобе стало одним из главных источников общественного возмущения, которое содействовало популяризации реформистского движения, на гребне которого появился Кан.

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