Японское недомогание - дело рук Америки

The long bureaucratic struggle over whom to name as the next Governor of the Bank of Japan is over. Prime Minister Koizumi has chosen a career BOJ insider, Toshihiko Fukui, a man who is unlikely to rock the boat. The BOJ's hidebound policies are usually blamed for Japan's deflation. That guilt is real, argues Deepak Lal, but there is another culprit: American economic policy toward Japan.

Сейчас многие уже признали тот факт, что непредвиденным последствием «азиатской» экономической модели стала все более возрастающая неэффективность размещения капитала. Хронический экономический кризис в Японии является примером этому. Искусственно заниженные процентные ставки в Японии в конце 1980-х годов способствовали тому, что проводились интенсивные инвестиции в капитал, в результате чего резко упала норма прибыли на капитал, понизившись с величины, в среднем равной около 12% в 1952-1973 годах, до менее 2% в 1996 году.

Но что требует объяснения, так это привязка по времени японского бума и спада в экономике, происходивших на протяжении последних 15 лет, а также причин нынешнего затянувшегося экономического спада в стране. В своей великолепной книге « Доллар и йена» , Рональд МакКиннон и Кинеси Оно дают на это ответ: причиной тому повторный приход эндака фукё - «рецессии, связанной с сильной йеной», который авторы связывают с «синдромом сильной йены», коренящимся в сохраняющихся торговых трениях между США и Японией.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.