La burocratizada de la economía de Europa

VARSOVIA – A lo largo de los últimos sesenta años, el proyecto de integración europea ha afrontado muchas dificultades: las penalidades económicas de la posguerra, el pesado yugo del comunismo y la incierta base del mundo posterior a la Guerra Fría, pero, si bien ha superado todos ellos, al constar ahora la Unión Europea de 28 Estados, muchos de los cuales comparten una moneda común, la UE afronta otra dificultad igualmente importante: la de reducir la carga de la reglamentación que recae sobre sus industrias más importantes.

Las empresas europeas están atadas con reglas y reglamentaciones, muchas de las cuales se deben a funcionarios no elegidos de Bruselas, cuya loable intención de armonizar las condiciones empresariales en toda la UE está socavando, en cambio, la creatividad y el dinamismo comerciales del continente. A consecuencia de ello, los resultados económicos son flojos, al decaer la competitividad, y el desempleo, en particular entre los jóvenes, sigue siendo tercamente elevado.

Las instituciones de la UE publican millares de reglamentos, directivas y decisiones todos los años. En 2012, se promulgaron 1.799 leyes; en 2011, fueron 2.062. Algunas leyes, promulgadas hace mucho por una Comunidad Europea de seis miembros fundadores, siguen en los códigos. Ese macizo de burocracia es el que obstaculiza a las empresas y disuade a los empresarios.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Dw3Oh4z/es;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now