L’economia burocratica dell’Europa

VARSAVIA – Negli ultimi sessant’anni, il progetto d’integrazione europea si è trovato di fronte a diverse sfide: le difficoltà economiche del dopoguerra, il peso del comunismo e le prospettive incerte del mondo nel periodo successivo alla guerra fredda. Ma se da un lato questo progetto ha superato tutti questi ostacoli arrivando ad un’Unione europea costituita da 28 stati, molti dei quali hanno adesso una valuta comune, dall’altro l’UE ha di fronte un’altra sfida importante, ovvero quella di ridurre il peso della regolamentazione che opprime le principali industrie.

Il business europeo è vincolato da norme e regolamentazioni, molte delle quali definite da funzionari di Bruxelles che non sono stati eletti, la cui encomiabile intenzione di armonizzare le condizioni del business a livello UE sta invece ostacolando la creatività commerciale ed il dinamismo del continente. Di conseguenza, la prestazione economica è ormai rallentata di pari passo al declino della competitività e al costante tasso elevato di disoccupazione, in particolar modo tra i giovani.

Le istituzioni UE emanano centinaia di regolamenti, direttive e decisioni ogni anno. Nel 2012, sono state emanate 1.799 leggi, e 2.062 nel 2011. Alcune leggi approvate diverso tempo fa per una Comunità europea di sei stati membri fondatori sono tuttora in vigore. Ed è proprio questa coltre burocratica che ostacola il business e scoraggia gli imprenditori.

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