Неужели европейской мечте пришел конец?

НЬЮ-ЙОРК. Были ли евроскептики все-таки правы? Была ли мечта о единой Европе, вдохновленная опасениями относительно новой европейской войны и поддерживаемая идеалистической надеждой, что национальные государства устарели и уступят дорогу добрым европейцам, всего лишь утопическим тупиком?

На первый взгляд, нынешний кризис в Европе, который, согласно предсказаниям некоторых людей, разорвет на части Европейский Союз, является финансовым. Жак Делор, один из архитекторов евро, утверждает, что его идея единой валюты была хорошей, но в ее «исполнении» были допущены нарушения, потому что более слабым странам было разрешено занимать слишком много.

Но, в сущности, этот кризис – политический. Когда независимые государства имеют свои собственные валюты, граждане готовы видеть, как их налоги идут в самые слабые регионы. Это выражение национальной солидарности, ощущение, что граждане страны должны быть вместе и готовы в условиях кризиса пожертвовать своими интересами ради коллективного блага.

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