Tim Brinton


纽约 —— 悲伤是为所有社会及时代认可的少数几种人类情绪之一。某些最早期的史诗著作,比方说《伊利亚特》和《 吉尔伽美》,都描述了主人公在失去亲密同志后所产生的悲伤情绪。同样,来自众多社会形态的人类著作也明确描绘了因爱情受挫、被对手羞辱或未能实现有价值的文化目标所引发的悲伤情绪。


自从有文字记载以来,就有了对抑郁心理疾病的描述。希波克拉底在公元前五世纪提出了有史以来第一个精神忧郁症(也就是我们现在所说的“抑郁”)的概念,希波克拉底认为这是一种独特的疾病:“如果恐惧和悲伤情绪持续时间很长,就构成了忧郁症。”希波克拉底与忧郁症联系在一起的症状包括 —— “不思饮食、意志消沉、失眠、易怒、烦躁” —— 无不与现代抑郁症的定义有着惊人的相似。

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