Иракский полушаг

Относительно успешные выборы в Ираке – это основная победа для построения демократии, но не обязательно для проведения либеральных реформ на Ближнем Востоке.

В этом заключается важное различие. Антидемократическими силами, которые пытались помешать людям голосовать, были арабские террористические группировки мусульман суннитов, от сторонников свергнутой диктатуры Саддама Хуссейна до последователей экстремистского исламизма Осама бин Ладена. Поскольку арабские сунниты, составляющие менее 25% населения, знали, что они не смогут победить на демократических выборах, многие их лидеры объявили бойкот.

По сравнению с ними, 75% населения Ирака составляют арабские мусульмане шииты, которые знают, что они будут управлять новым режимом, и курды, которые стремятся к местной автономии. Таким образом, большая часть населения была уверена в том, что демократически выбранное правительство будет служить ее интересам, и активно участвовала в голосовании. Действительно, шиитские мусульманские духовные лица приказали своим людям – в том числе, женщинам – принять участие в голосовании, предупредив, что оставаться дома в День Выборов – это грех.

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