Что последует за уходом из Газы?

Уход израильских войск и эвакуация еврейских поселенцев из Газы после 38-ми лет оккупации является самым последним доказательством ограниченности применения военной силы, даже если ее превосходство подавляющее. Сейчас самое время извлечь уроки из этих лет оккупации и сопротивления для того, чтобы понять, что израильтяне и палестинцы должны делать дальше.

Вначале необходимо понять, на какой кредит доверия палестинцев может рассчитывать Израиль за это размежевание. Конечно, сопротивление палестинцев и принесенные ими жертвы внесли свой вклад в принятое Ариэлем Шароном решение относительно изменения проводимой им на протяжении десятилетий политики на противоположную. Но было бы ошибкой приписывать уход Израиля исключительно воинственности палестинцев. В конце концов, эта «подслащенная пилюля» Израиля не была явным результатом военного поражения и не была последствием политических переговоров.

Но односторонность не является рациональной и эффективной долгосрочной политикой, поскольку это не приведет к установлению подлинного и длительного мира в районе Ближнего Востока. И как президент Буш уже выяснил в Ираке, так и Шарон, в конце концов, вынужден будет признать, что у его стратегии есть свои ограничения.

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