伊朗的最高权力之争

华盛顿——

伊朗的最高领袖阿亚图拉阿里•哈梅内伊从未对伊朗的总统地位满意过,无论是1981~1989年他自己在位时,还是他的三代继任者任职时。

伊斯兰共和国制度决定了总统与最高领袖的冲突是不可避免的。最高领袖拥有绝对的权力,可以否决行政、立法以及司法等政府的三个分支做出的决定。与此同时,在大选中胜出的总统有着自己的议事日程表和宏伟目标。在总统的第二任期中——马哈茂德•艾哈迈迪内贾德正开始他的第二任,总统与最高领袖的冲突不可避免地暴露在公众的视野之中。

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