Запутанная политика президенства Ирана

ВАШИНГТОН, ДК – Решение бывшего президента Ирана Мохаммада Хатами воздержаться от выноса своей кандидатуры на следующие выборы свидетельствует о том, насколько запутанной стала иранская президентская политика. Для того, чтобы разобраться в этой путанице, необходимо понимать, что наиболее важным вопросом станет не столько вопрос о том, кого изберут президентом, сколько о том, что скажет этот выбор о намерениях верховного вождя страны, аятоллы Али Хамени.

К несчастью, наиболее вероятным результатом станет продолжение превращения Исламской республики из гражданского правительства в военную диктатуру, где ведущая роль в решении политических и экономических вопросов отведена вооружённым силам.   

Предсказать, кто именно победит на выборах, невозможно; однако демократия здесь ни при чём. Аятолла Хамени, который также является главнокомандующим вооружённых сил страны, осуществляет надзор над агенствами, проводящими выборы: Попечительским советом и Министерством внутренних дел, контролирующими процесс выборов, и над милицией Баший и революционной гвардией, которые неофициально контролируют избирательные урны и процесс подсчёта голосов.  

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