Расширять предложение, спрос или инновации?

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Уже нельзя отрицать, что наиболее развитые страны мира охватила так называемая «вековая стагнация». Богатства становится всё больше и больше, однако реальные зарплаты едва растут, а уровень экономической активности населения имеет тенденцию к снижению. Что ещё хуже, у политиков нет вразумительных идей о том, что с этим можно сделать.

За этой стагнацией скрывается замедление роста производительности, наблюдаемое с 1970 года. Источники роста производительности, а ими являются инновации, стали засоряться ещё в конце 1960-х (главным образом, в традиционных отраслях), к 2005 году ситуация стала только хуже.

Рональд Рейган и Маргарет Тэтчер подходили к проблеме экономической стагнации, охватившей их страны в 1970-х, с точки зрения рыночного предложения. Они снижали налоги на прибыль и оплату труда, пытаясь повысить уровень инвестиций и темпы роста экономики. Полученные ими результаты оказались спорными.

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