从死亡中走出来的产业政策

帕洛阿尔托——

对于金融危机和经济衰退,最糟糕的应对措施就是重新找回“产业政策”:政府部门又一次地采取政府补贴,行政命令,法律法规和资本投资来评判行业的胜利者和失败者,而不是采取更为宽松,公正的处理方法。

目前,新一轮的产业政策又卷土重来,在一些发达经济体中,美英以往一直反对对市场的过度干预,法国则致力于树立本国品牌的“冠军”,法国总统萨科奇计划筹集520亿欧元,用于推广政府倡导的所谓“增长型行业”。其他一些新兴经济体,包括巴西和中国也都实行产业政策。为了走出金融危机,甚至是有些国家的中央银行,特别是美联储,也在支持特定的公司和特定类型的资产。

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