الهند تصبح دولة رعاية اجتماعية

نيودلهي – في الاسابيع الاخيرة قام البرلمان الهندي والذي عادة ما يتعرض للسخرية بسبب التشويش والانقطاعات المستمرة والتي عادة ما تتخلل عمل ذلك البرلمان بمفاجأة منتقديه وذلك بتمريره تشريعين مهمين للغاية يمكن ان يصبحا بمثابة تحول في حياة مئات الملايين من الناس .

التشريع الاول هو قانون الامن الغذائي والذي يمنح 67% من الشعب الهندي الحق بشراء 35 كيلوغرام من الارز او القمح مقابل ثلاث روبيات (اقل من خمسة سنتات امريكية) للكيلو الواحد. ان هذا القانون مع البنود المرتبطة به والمتعلقة بتوفير الوجبات للاطفال الرضع والامهات الحوامل مع توفير الدعم للحبوب الغذائية التي تتوفر بسعر رخيص سوف يضيف 6 بليون دولار امريكي الى العجز المالي السنوي الهندي ولكنه سوف يزيل خطر المجاعة وسوء التغذية في بلاد شعر فيها العديد من الناس بالجوع لفترات طويلة .

ان القانون الثاني يضمن تقديم تعويض عادل وسخي للناس والذين عادة ما يكونوا من صغار المزارعين والذين تقوم الدولة بنزع ملكية اراضيهم لغايات التطوير وفي بلد ما يزال ثلثا الناس فيه يعتمدون على الزراعة ومعظم الناس يعتاشون من اراضي صغيرة مستأجرة فإن القانون الجديد يساعد اولئك الذين عادة ما يشعرون بإن الدولة تستغلهم وتحرمهم من كسب رزقهم .

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