Dibyangshu Sarkar/Stringer

印度的废钞灾难

新德里—11月8日,印度总理莫迪宣布,当日午夜,价值14万亿卢比的500和1,000卢比面额钞票——占所有流通中货币的86%——不再是法定货币。印度经济应声陷入混乱。

据称莫迪的目标是兑现其打击“黑钱”——来自逃税、犯罪和腐败的非法所得,通常为现金形式——的竞选承诺。他还想让据报道由巴基斯坦制作、用于助力针对印度的恐怖主义的伪钞变成废纸。但是,近一个月之后,废钞行动的全部成果是一场经济灾难。莫迪的这个决定一点都不高明,倒是一个大大的误算。

宣布废钞立刻引起了一场疯狂,人们竞相兑换即将作废的钞票。尽管印度人到今年年底之前都可以将钞票存入银行,但大量存钱将让他们承担高额税金和罚款。因此他们蜂拥涌向加油站、珠宝店和贷款商归还贷款。银行、外汇兑换点和ATM门口的长龙见首不见尾——一切人们可以换掉这些即将作废的钞票的地点无不人头攒动。

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