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India’s Looming Demographic Divide

As it prepares to overtake China as the world’s most populous country, India is struggling to harness the economic benefits of its declining mortality and fertility rates. Uneven population growth, with some Indian states experiencing baby booms while others close schools, could turn the demographic divide into a disaster.

NEW DELHI – India looks set to end a tumultuous year on a celebratory note, marking both 75 years of independence and the start of its G20 presidency. But another milestone is looming. United Nations experts estimate that on April 14, 2023, India will officially overtake China and become the world’s most populous country.