highway in china Zou Yuanjing/ZumaPress

Путь к всестороннему экономическому росту

ЖЕНЕВА – Нет большей проблемы, заботящей лидеров по всему миру, чем необходимость более активного использования выгод экономического роста и глобализации. Более того, возник географически и идеологически разрозненный консенсус по поводу необходимости новой – или, по крайней мере, значительно усовершенствованной – модели экономического развития для достижения по-настоящему всестороннего роста экономики.

К сожалению, этот политический консенсус пока что остается идеей, а не реальностью. Политикам еще предстоит разработать международно признанный набор мер – с соответствующими индикаторами и возможностью поэтапной оценки. Он поможет странам стремиться к широкомасштабному повышению стандартов жизни, а не просто продолжать использовать рост ВВП в качестве главного показателя успехов национальной экономики.

Способность экономического роста открывать новые возможности для бизнеса и повышать стандарты жизни зависит от множества структурных и институциональных экономических решений властей, которые касаются не только сферы образования и перераспределения доходов (а это те сферы, которые чаще всего упоминаются в дискуссиях по поводу экономического неравенства). Сейчас растет осознание важности институтов в процессе экономического развития, особенно системы регулирования, а также агентств, следящих за соблюдением правил и использованием стимулов. Но это понимание пока ещё не полностью интегрировано в подходы к экономическому росту, которые используются большинством экономистов и политиков.

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