Christine Lagarde finance ministers meeting Wiktor Dabkowski/ZumaPress

La Grèce délaissée par le FMI

NEW DELHI – La démocratie est censée conférer aux citoyens la possibilité réelle de faire des choix. Tout au long de la crise qui frappe leur pays, les citoyens grecs en ont pourtant été privés. L'Union européenne, et encore davantage le Fonds monétaire international, en sont responsables dans une mesure considérable.

La Grèce s'est vu proposer deux choix difficiles : quitter la zone euro sans financement, ou demeurer en son sein et bénéficier d'un soutien, au prix du maintien de l'austérité. Or, la Grèce aurait dû se voir offrir une troisième option : quitter l'euro certes, mais en bénéficiant de généreux financements.

Il aurait été nécessaire de mettre sur la table cette troisième possibilité, en reconnaissant combien la Grèce trouve un intérêt politique plus large à demeurer dans la zone euro. Même si la sortie de l'union monétaire aurait produit des avantages considérables, un « Grexit » aurait par ailleurs engendré des coûts importants.

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