Hříchy otců ve východní Asii

NEW YORK – Jednou z možností, jak pohlížet na rostoucí vojenské napětí kvůli několika titěrným ostrůvkům ve Východočínském moři, je spatřovat v nedávných událostech jasný příklad mocenské politiky. Čína je na vzestupu, Japonsko zažívá hospodářskou stagnaci a Korejský poloostrov zůstává rozdělený. Je jen přirozené, že se Čína pokusí opětovně uplatnit svou historickou nadvládu nad regionem. A stejně tak je přirozené, že Japonsko cítí nervozitu z možnosti, že se stane svého druhu vazalským státem (Korejci jsou na tuto roli ve vztahu k Číně navyklejší).

Podřízenost vůči americké síle, kterou Japonsko zažívá od roku 1945, je nevyhnutelným důsledkem katastrofální války. Většina Japonců s tím dokáže žít. Podřízenost vůči Číně by však byla nesnesitelná.

Vzhledem k tomu, že si východoasijská politika zachovává vysoce dynastický charakter, by však stejně užitečné mohlo být i biografické vysvětlení. Japonský premiér Šinzó Abe je vnukem Nobusuke Kišiho, jenž za války působil jako ministr průmyslu. Kiši, jehož Američané v roce 1945 uvěznili jako válečného zločince, byl na počátku studené války bez procesu propuštěn a jako konzervativec v roce 1957 zvolen premiérem.

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