Испытание на прочность египетско-израильского мира

ВАШИНГТОН, округ Колумбия. Ракетный удар, нанесенный исламистской группой из египетского Синайского полуострова по израильскому городу Эйлат, служит еще одни напоминанием о том, насколько тонкими остаются двухсторонние отношения спустя два года после революции в Египте. Террористическая деятельность может легко привести к пограничному кризису, который будет обладать достаточным потенциалом, чтобы вызвать конфронтацию, угрожающую мирному договору, который нормализует двухсторонние отношения с 1979 года. Для недопущения подобного исхода Израилю и Египту необходимо принять серьезные меры по защите договора.

В ноябре прошлого года, когда начались военные действия в секторе Газа, президент Египта Мохамед Мурси стал посредником в быстром разрешении конфликта и даже предоставил гарантии о прекращении огня со стороны управляемого ХАМАСом сектора Газа. Таким образом, Мурси косвенно возвращал Египет к поддержанию мира на границе и к выполнению конструктивной роли в палестино-израильском конфликте. Это укрепляло доверие Израиля в то, что правящая партия Египта, «Братья-мусульмане», будет отстаивать мирный договор 1979 года. Однако Мурси явным образом не одобрил идею о мире с Израилем и избегал прямого взаимодействия с израильскими лидерами.

Сохранение мира входит в интересы обеих стран. Нападение на египетский военный форпост на Синайском полуострове летом прошлого года, во время которого вооруженные боевики убили 16 солдат, показывает, что терроризм является угрозой как для Израиля, так и для Египта.

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