Как упростить торговлю

ВАШИНГТОН, ОКРУГ КОЛУМБИЯ. Мир сейчас переживает четвертый год Великой рецессии. До сих пор экономики, входящие во Всемирную торговую организацию, сопротивлялись широко распространенному протекционизму, который мог бы еще больше усугубить и без того тяжелую ситуацию. Но протекционистское давление нарастает, по мере того как изнуренные политики слышат все больше призывов к экономическому национализму.

Лучшая защита ВТО свободной торговли состоит в хорошем нападении. Заключение нового соглашения ВТО по упрощению процедур торговли пойдет на пользу всем за счет увеличения торгового потенциала развивающихся стран, поскольку оно укрепит мандат ВТО в области развития, а также будет способствовать глобальному экономическому росту. Это соглашение, которое должны будут заключить более чем через десять лет после запуска переговоров Дохийского раунда о глобальной свободной торговле, могло бы стать авансовым обязательством, которое члены ВТО сделали для связи торговли и развития.

Больше всего от улучшения торговли выиграют развивающиеся страны. Правильная поддержка поможет торговцам в более бедных странах конкурировать и интегрироваться в глобальные цепочки поставок.

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