Как помочь Бирме

РАНГУН. На Ближнем Востоке, а теперь в Бирме (Мьянме), всплыл один из самых важных вопросов современной мировой политики: Как странам перейти от слабеющего авторитаризма к экономически самостоятельному плюрализму в том или ином виде? Министры иностранных дел во всем мире, в свою очередь, сталкиваются с серьезными вопросами политики: если страна начинает такой политический переходный период, то когда другие страны должны начинать оказывать помощь и какой лучший способ сделать это?

Счастливые переходы, перефразируя Толстого, похожи друг на друга; но каждый неудачный переход несчастен по-своему. Счастливые переходы на большей части Центральной Европы после окончания холодной войны были облегчены тем, что старый коммунистический порядок практически потерпел крах и сдал власть мирным путем. Это, наряду со щедрой поддержкой со стороны Западной Европы, США и других стран, позволило создать настроение для примирения, позволяя каждой стране решать многие сложные нравственные вопросы, связанные с недавним темным прошлым, размеренно и немстительно.

Прежде всего, эти переходы проходили при поддержке широкой сети легитимных институтов ‑ Европейского Союза, ОБСЕ, НАТО и Совета Европы – отстаивающих верховенство закона. Эти условия поддержки обеспечили дорожной картой национальные политики, помогая им создавать демократические институты и изолируя экстремистов.

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