Paul Lachine

美国有多资本主义?

坎布里奇——

如果从与社会主义对比的角度看资本主义,我们很容易就能理解,为什么世界恰如其分地称美国为坚定资本主义。在美国,国有产权比重很低,即使发生了,也往往被视为非常态(比如,近年来,政府接管了通用汽车和克莱斯勒,但官员们唯恐避之不及)。美国政府对经济的关于要少于绝大多数发达国家,全民医保等主要社会计划,在美国也没有其他地方那样深入人心。

但这些都不是决定美国到底有多资本主义的唯一标准。想想资本(也就是股东)在多大程度上决定大企业吧:如果在资本的目标和管理人的目标之间发生了冲突,谁会胜出?

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