A caminhada para o futuro em Hong Kong

LONDRES – Não é completamente verdade que os olhos do mundo inteiro estejam postos em Hong Kong. Eles estariam, é claro, se as pessoas na China continental tivessem permissão para saber o que está a acontecer na cidade mais bem-sucedida do seu país. Mas o governo chinês tem tentado bloquear qualquer notícia que sai sobre as demonstrações de democracia de Hong Kong para alcançar o resto do país - não é exactamente um sinal de confiança por parte dos governantes da China no seu sistema de governo autoritário.

Antes de sugerir uma caminhada para o futuro para as autoridades desajeitadas de Hong Kong, há três coisas que precisam de ser esclarecidas. Em primeiro lugar, é uma ofensa à integridade e aos princípios dos cidadãos de Hong Kong afirmar, como faz a máquina de propaganda do governo chinês, que eles estão a ser manipulados por forças externas. O que motiva dezenas de milhares de manifestantes de Hong Kong é uma crença apaixonada de que eles devem ser capazes de gerir os seus assuntos como lhes foi prometido, escolhendo os seus governantes em eleições livres e justas.

Em segundo lugar, outros no exterior de Hong Kong têm um interesse legítimo no que acontece na cidade. Hong Kong é um grande centro internacional, cujas liberdades e autonomia foram garantidas num tratado registado nas Nações Unidas. Em particular, o Reino Unido, a outra parte desta Declaração Conjunta Sino-Britânica, procurou e recebeu garantias de que a sobrevivência da autonomia e liberdades de Hong Kong estariam asseguradas durante 50 anos.

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