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Mitos del mercado y realidades sociales

YORK – Muchos de nosotros recordamos la década de 1970 por su música y moda; sin embargo, deberíamos también aprender de las creencias erróneas de dicha década. Al no tener fácil acceso a datos o análisis sobre las tendencias sociales, algunas ideas sobre el funcionamiento y naturaleza de la sociedad estuvieron completamente equivocadas. Hoy en día, sabemos cosas que simplemente se desconocían en aquel entonces.

Si usted les hubiera preguntado a los médicos en la década de 1970 quién tenía más probabilidades de sufrir un ataque al corazón, ellos habrían expresado el conocimiento intuitivo que tenían sobre el “estrés del ejecutivo”. En aquel entonces se creía que las personas en puestos de alta dirección se enfrentaban a un mayor riesgo de enfermedad coronaria debido a las exigencias de sus puestos de trabajo.

Resulta que no existe tal estrés del ejecutivo, y las enfermedades cardiacas son mucho más comunes – y más letales – en las personas que se encuentran en los niveles más bajos de la escalera socioeconómica. Los políticos y los formuladores de políticas (y, por supuesto los médicos) ahora tienen mayores conocimientos acerca de las desigualdades en el ámbito de la salud y el vínculo entre el estatus social y la morbilidad, aunque ellos no siempre actúan eficazmente para abordar dichas situaciones.

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