¿Ha llegado el estancamiento global con deflación?

NUEVA YORK – Las noticias macroeconómicas más recientes de los Estados Unidos, otras economías avanzadas y los mercados emergentes confirman que la economía global se enfrentará a un recesión grave en 2009. En los Estados Unidos, la recesión comenzó en diciembre de 2007 y durará al menos hasta diciembre de 2009 – la recesión más larga y profunda en el país desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial, con una caída acumulada del PIB que tal vez supere el 5%.

La recesión en otras economías avanzadas (la zona del euro, el Reino Unido, la Unión Europea, Canadá, Japón, Australia y Nueva Zelanda) empezó en el segundo trimestre de 2008, antes de que los problemas financieros de septiembre y octubre agravaran la contracción global del crédito. Desde entonces, esta contracción se ha hecho aun más severa.

Ahora, los mercados emergentes están experimentando también el principio de un aterrizaje brusco a medida que los efectos negativos de la recesión en las economías avanzadas, la caída de los precios de los productos básicos y la fuga de capitales se empiezan a sentir en el crecimiento. En efecto, el mundo debe esperar algo cercano a una recesión en Rusia y Brasil en 2009, debido a los bajos precios de los productos básicos y una abrupta desaceleración en China y la India que será el equivalente de un aterrizaje brusco (crecimiento muy por debajo del potencial) para estos países.

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