Вырастить свою Силиконовую Долину

САН-ФРАНЦИСКО: Взлет индустрии dot.com возможно и приостановился на какой-то момент, но это не останавливает правительства разных стран в их желании развить свои собственные индустрии высоких технологий. Дейсвительно, многие страны завидуют Силиконовой Долине возле Сан-Франциско, мировому центру компьютерного, програмного и интренетовского бизнеса. Инвестиции Майкрософта в Кэмбридж в Англии и 200 миллионов долларов, подаренных Билом Гейтсом этому древнему университету на стипендии для студентов технологического отделения со всего мира, помогли Кэмбриджу стать мощным центром технологических инноваций. Города и универститеты по всему миру теперь хотят занять свое место в этом процессе.

Действительно, по всей Европе и Азии страны или уже начали или решают начать давать государственные субсидии на развитие своих собственных хай-тэковских групп. Однако, имея опыт наблюдения за Силиконовой Долиной в течении многих лет моего пребывания в нституте Хувера Станфордского Университета, я уверен, что для развития динамичных промышленных групп необходимо гибкое экономическое окружение, а не государственная промышленная программа.

Силиконовая Долина началась в 1950-х годах со скромного плана Фредерика Термана, дальновидного декана Станфордской Инженерной Школы, который предложил создать Промышленный Парк на неиспользованной земле Станфорда. Несколько компаний приняли это предложение, но когда я впервые посетил Станфорд в 1960-х года, эта территория была все еще сонной и невпечатляющей.

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