Merkel Tsipras Wikimedia Commons

Salvar a Grécia, Salvar a Europa

BERKELEY – O que quer que se pense sobre as tácticas do governo do Primeiro-Ministro grego Alexis Tsipras nas negociações com os credores do país, o povo grego merece melhor do que aquilo que lhe está a ser oferecido. A Alemanha quer que a Grécia escolha entre cair no colapso económico e deixar a zona euro. As duas opções implicam um desastre económico; a primeira, se não mesmo ambas, seria também politicamente desastrosa.

Quando, em 2007, escrevi que nenhum Estado-Membro abandonaria voluntariamente a zona euro, salientei os elevados custos económicos que uma tal decisão acarretaria. O governo grego mostrou que compreende este facto. Após o referendo, concordou com o que o seu governo (e os eleitores) tinha acabado de rejeitar: um conjunto de condições muito difíceis e dolorosas. Tsipras e o seu novo Ministro das Finanças, Euclides Tsakalotos, desdobraram-se em diligências para tranquilizar os credores da Grécia.

Mas quando cheguei à conclusão que nenhum país deixaria a zona euro, não consegui imaginar que a Alemanha iria forçar a saída de outro Estado-Membro. Esta medida seria claramente o resultado das condições politicamente intoleráveis e economicamente perversas apresentadas pelo Ministério das Finanças da Alemanha.

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