Dobré časy Latinské Ameriky

MÉXICO – Pro Latinskou Ameriku byl rok 2011, řečeno s Frankem Sinatrou, velice dobrý rok – a vypadá to, že ani rok 2012 nebude o mnoho horší. Pro region, který nebyl vždy zvyklý, že by se mu dařilo, je to poněkud zvláštní stav věcí.

V Latinské Americe se během roku 2011 konaly troje volby. Dvoje – v Argentině a Peru – proběhly hladce; zbylé – v Nikaragui – pošpinily nehorázné podvody a těžkopádné zásahy vlády ve prospěch úřadujících držitelů moci. Nicméně dvoje ze tří, to není zlý výsledek v regionu, kde dřív platilo, že pokud se volby vůbec konaly, spory nad jejich výsledky byly normou.

Co se týče ekonomiky, vysoké komoditní ceny živily během roku 2011 v Jižní Americe silný růst a zemím v blízkosti USA prospělo jejich mírné oživení. V Chile, Peru, Argentině, Uruguayi, Bolívii a menší měrou v Brazílii a Kolumbii nenasytná čínská a indická poptávka po surovinách a potravinách posílila zahraniční rezervy, umožnila masivní vládní výdaje a podpořila vysoké úrovně objemu dovozů. To vše vyústilo v průměrná tempa růstu výrazně přesahující 4 %.

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