Paul Lachine

Justicia mundial e intervención militar

MELBOURNE – El mundo ha contemplado horrorizado la utilización por el coronel Muamar el Gadafi de su ejército para atacar a quienes protestan y se oponen a su gobierno y ha matado a centenares o posiblemente miles de civiles desarmados. Muchos de sus propios hombres se han negado a disparar contra su propio pueblo y se han pasado al bando de los rebeldes o han volado con sus aviones a la cercana Malta, por lo que Gadafi ha llamado a mercenarios de países vecinos, dispuestos a obedecer sus órdenes.

Los dirigentes del mundo se han apresurado a condenar las acciones de Gadafi. El 26 de febrero, el Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas votó unánimemente la imposición de un embargo de armas a Libia y la remisión del caso de la violencia del régimen al Tribunal Penal Internacional para el posible procesamiento de los responsables e instó a los Estados Miembros a que congelaran los activos de Gadafi y de su familia.

Es la primera vez que el Consejo de Seguridad ha remitido por unanimidad una situación que entraña violaciones de los derechos humanos al Tribunal Penal Internacional y es digno de destacar que países que no son miembros del Tribunal –incluidos los Estados Unidos, Rusia y China– apoyarán esa decisión. Así, pues, se puede considerar esa resolución otro paso más hacia la creación de un sistema mundial de justicia con capacidad para castigar a quienes cometen violaciones flagrantes de los derechos humanos, independientemente de su condición política o jurídica en su país.

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