Graffiti in Berlin, Germany

Конец гегемонии Германии

БРЮССЕЛЬ – Внутренний баланс сил в Европе смещается незаметно для окружающих. Доминирующее положение Германии, которое казалось абсолютным после финансового кризиса 2008 года, постепенно уменьшается – с далеко идущими последствиями для всего Европейского союза.

Конечно, с точки зрения перспективы использования методов невоенного воздействия, тот простой факт, что люди верят Германии, является сильной опорой для поддержки статуса страны и ее стратегического положения. Но довольно скоро люди начнут замечать, что основной двигатель этого восприятия – рост экономики Германии при длительной рецессии большинства других экономических систем стран еврозоны – является уникальным обстоятельством, которое скоро исчезнет.

За 12 лет из последних 20 лет, темпы роста экономики Германии были ниже, чем средний темп роста экономики трех других больших стран еврозоны (Франции, Италии и Испании). Хотя рост немецкой экономики, как показывает график, был выше в посткризисный период, Международный валютный фонд предсказывает, что в течение ближайших пяти лет рост экономики Германии станет ниже среднего роста экономики упомянутых трех стран, и намного ниже среднего роста экономики всех стран еврозоны, включая небольшие страны Центральной и Восточной Европы с высоким темпом роста экономики.

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