这些年的曼德拉

墨尔本——即使没有曼德拉,南非种族隔离制度的噩梦最终也将结束。其实施者在文明的映衬下显得异常苍白,世界对他们的耐心也已经走到了尽头。但如果没有曼德拉杰出的道德和政治领导,或许过渡期将无法言喻地漫长、血腥和丑陋。

南非白人领袖德克勒克很晚才理解——但还不算太晚——时代的要求,因此他当之无愧地与曼德拉一同成为1993年诺贝尔和平奖得主。但关键改革者却是马迪巴,这是各个种姓和肤色的南非民众对他的亲切称呼。

1990年2月曼德拉出狱几天后就飞赴卢萨卡会晤流亡的非国大同事,时任澳大利亚外长的我幸运地成为迎接他的首批外国领袖。会面之前我既紧张又兴奋。现实中的曼德拉能否合乎我的期望?

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