新自由主义的终结

    华盛顿特区--里根和撒切尔夫人在二十世纪八十年代开启的自由市场时代经常被反对者称为“新自由主义”。如今这一时代结束了。这一意识形态浪潮随着当前的金融市场危机而崩溃,但是其衰退却是姗姗来迟。当美国领导人最近几年继续在新自由主义乘风破浪之际,世界其他大部分地方已经隔岸观火了。

    发展中国家一度是新自由主义忠实的崇拜者,而正是在这些国家开始了对新自由主义的不满。拉丁美洲国家在九十年代实行自由市场政策。到了本世纪早些时候,随着新一轮的左翼倾向领导人掌权,这些国家拒绝这一新自由主义。俄国在九十年代实行市场主导的改革。到了二十一世纪转向有管理的国家资本主义,其“寡头”被迫屈服于国家控制。

    结果,美国、欧盟委员会以及各多边发展银行在全世界推进自由市场观念和政策中越发孤立。日益严重的金融危机进一步削弱了它们的立场。毕竟,美国或者西方的多边机构现在如何能够再鼓吹银行私有化呢?

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/rHtcm4P/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now