走不通的法国道路

无论是萨尔科奇还是罗亚尔当选法国总统在让法国经济重振雄风上都将会面对严峻的挑战。世界经济连续第四年蓬勃发展,增长率达到历史上前所未有的5%,而法国经济却举步维艰。2006年,法国经济只增长了2.2%,而根据德国经济研究所所做的最新预测,预计2007年和2008年的增长率相应只有2.1%和1.9%。这些要比老欧盟国家这三年的平均水平低很多,它们的增长率相应为2.7%、2.6%以及2.4%。

法国目前是欧洲的落后者,只比意大利和葡萄牙略微靠前一点。即使是德国也表现更好。德国经济的增长率为2.7%,在2006年回到了老欧盟国家的平均水平,而且预计可以在2007年和2008年增长2.4%,远远快于法国。

法国微弱的增长令人吃惊。直到最近,法国经济还是表现良好,超出许多欧盟国家。德国经济从1995年到2005年只增长14%,成为意大利之后的欧洲“第二落后者”。法国经济则增长23.6%,接近老欧盟国家平均水平24.3%。在2001年,法国的人均国民收入毛值超越德国,现在则超过4%。但是最近的增长数字目前看起来扭转了这一趋势。

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